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. E Class W124 Information

At the turn of the year 1984/85 a new model generation appeared in the medium-size series. It became the successor of series 123, produced for nine years. The technological overall concept of series 124 showed close parallels to the compact-class. By using high-strength steel sheets as well as other weight reducing materials and by an aerodynamic optimisation of the body, a considerable reduction of the fuel consumption had been achieved even in the medium-size series.

At the same time the safety standard, reached with the S-Class and the compact-class in spite of the light construction, was further optimised. The passenger cabin of series 124 excelled by high side-impact and overturning resistance. It was equipped with ingenious deformation zones in nose and tail. The criterion in the asymmetric frontal impact with 40 % overlapping and at 55 kph was now also fulfilled by the saloons of the medium range. Furthermore, for the protection of pedestrians and drivers of two wheel vehicles, the area of a possible contact zone was concipated as resilient as possible.

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The IAA Motor Show in Frankfurt in September 1989 saw the unveiling of a completely revised model range in the medium class, the modifications consisting mainly of restyling to the body and a refit of the interiors. The most distinctive feature of the revised models was the side rub strips combined with integral side skirts, which had already been introduced in similar form two-and-a-half years earlier for the coupés. At the upper edges of the side skirts, narrow polished stainless steel trim strips were now additionally fitted and continued along the tops of the front and rear aprons, bringing back the long-absent (and much-missed) chrome finish in understated form. This effect was enhanced by chrome trim elements on the door handles and modified hub caps, on which the three-pointed star and a narrow trim ring on the circumference were also chrome-plated. Another new feature was the exterior mirror casings in the same colour as the vehicle. The interior was also given a makeover, with improved seats front and rear and various enhanced details.

From September, all models in the 124 series (except the 4MATIC versions) could have the Sportline package, which was already familiar to owners of the compact models, fitted as an optional extra. External features included the sports suspension with its broad 205/60 R15 tyres on 7 J x 15 alloy or steel rims, and the noticeably lowered vehicle body. Other features included stiffer springs and shock absorbers, while a leather steering wheel and gearstick and individual seats front and rear formed part of the modified interior fit. 

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Beginning in autumn 1992, the update for the 124 series was rolled out uniformly six months later. In a world first, the four-valve technology was now used for diesel models as well. The new technology guaranteed not just increased torque and performance across a significantly larger engine speed range, but also allowed for a reduction in fuel consumption of up to 8 percent at full throttle. Particulate exhaust emissions were also reduced (by around 30 percent) thanks to the optimised combustion cycle. Only the five- and six-cylinder naturally aspirated engine were converted to four-valve technology. The 2.0-litre four cylinder unit and both the turbocharged engines remained on two valves per cylinder. For the four-valve diesel models, fresh-air intake was provided via vents on the right front wing, as was already the case on the turbo diesel models. In order to improve environmental compatibility, from June 1993 onwards all diesel models in the 124 series were fitted with exhaust gas recirculation and oxidizing catalytic converter as standard.

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At the Frankfurt Motor Show IAA, in September 1985, the estates of the second generation were presented. After eight years they succeeded to the very successful 123 series estate cars. In technology and style the new estates corresponded largely to the saloons. Except for the deviant rear end and the thus resulting changes, no differences could be registered. Aggregate, brake system and chassis had been adapted to the higher payload, but other than that taken over almost unchanged from the saloons. Thus the estates were also provided with a multilink rear suspension, which in the standard equipment was combined with a hydro-pneumatic level adjustment. Furthermore, it was provided with a shock-absorber strut front axle.

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The IAA Motor Show in Frankfurt in September 1989 saw the unveiling of a completely revised model range in the medium class, the modifications consisting mainly of restyling to the body and a refit of the interiors. The most distinctive feature of the revised models was the side rub strips combined with integral side skirts, which had already been introduced in similar form two-and-a-half years earlier for the coupés. At the upper edges of the side skirts, narrow polished stainless steel trim strips were now additionally fitted and continued along the tops of the front and rear aprons, bringing back the long-absent (and much-missed) chrome finish in understated form. This effect was enhanced by chrome trim elements on the door handles and modified hub caps, on which the three-pointed star and a narrow trim ring on the circumference were also chrome-plated. Other changes concerned the colours of the mounted parts. The front and rear aprons and lower tailgate handle, and if requested the hub caps, were given a colour in keeping with the exterior paint, as were the side skirts, while the exterior mirror casing and the upper tailgate handle were the colour of the vehicle body. The interior was also given a makeover, with improved seats front and rear and various enhanced details.

Continue reading...

Beginning in autumn 1992, the update for the 124 series was rolled out uniformly six months later. In a world first, the four-valve technology was now used for diesel models as well. The new technology guaranteed not just increased torque and performance across a significantly larger engine speed range, but also allowed for a reduction in fuel consumption of up to 8 percent at full throttle. Particulate exhaust emissions were also reduced (by around 30 percent) thanks to the optimised combustion cycle. Only the five- and six-cylinder naturally aspirated engine were converted to four-valve technology. The 2.0-litre four cylinder unit and both the turbocharged engines remained on two valves per cylinder. For the four-valve diesel models, fresh-air intake was provided via vents on the right front wing, as was already the case on the turbo diesel models. In order to improve environmental compatibility, from June 1993 onwards all diesel models in the 124 series were fitted with exhaust gas recirculation and oxidizing catalytic converter as standard.

Continue reading...